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Causes of Lower Back Pain


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Lower back pain can sometimes be traced back to a degenerative disc problem in the spinal column.  In order to understand why the pain happens it’s first important to understand how the spinal column is formed.  The spinal column is a vertical row of small round bones that are interconnected or articulated so that the bone can bend.  Through the center of the these round bones runs the spinal cord which is a bundle of nerves that travels from the base of the brain out to the rest of the body.  The spinal column protects the cord and gives the body flexibility and mobility.

Between each of the round bones, called vertebrae, are soft discs.  These discs are there to cushion the motion between the bones so there isn’t bone rubbing on bone during motion.

Sedentary Lifestyles Lead To Back Pain

The causes of this degeneration can be many, and we will talk about them and how you can treat your pain in future posts.

But one of the primary causes is poor posture, particularly sitting on a chair or couch in a slouching manner. Let’s face it. Our culture has become sedentary. Many of us work in offices or sit in chairs all day, go home and sit on the couch while watching TV or reading the paper or book, then get on our computers for more hours. A hundred years ago we were basically an agrarian society, fast becoming a manufacturing one. People didn’t sit down all day. They didn’t sit in front of the TV or Computer either. Radio was just starting out as the home entertainment medium.

It’s interesting to note that cultures that are not as advanced as ours, the Far East for example, do not experience much back pain at all. People are accustomed to sitting on mats in a yoga-like position. This position is much easier on the back. Yoga, by the way, is often rec ommended to persons suffering from back pain. But we’ll have another post on that as well.

Degenerative Spinal Changes

Degenerative changes to the spinal column are common and the intervertebral discs are one structure that is prone to those changes.  They are associated with wear and tear, aging and misuse such as smoking.  Long before any changes might be evident on imaging studies there are biochemical and structural changes that may seem to be similar to osteoarthritis or  lumbar spinal stenosis. 

30% od Adults 60&#43 Have Chronic Back Pain

The term degenerative disc disease refers to the changes to the discs which causes low back pain.  But, despite the rather dramatic label, this condition is very common among individuals.  It is estimated that approximately 30% of 30 to 50 year old people will have some degree of degeneration of the disc space.  And, after a person reaches age 60 this finding is expected.

Although the description of degenerative disc disease appears to be straightforward there is some degree of disagreement in the medical community about the description and the implications, especially when x-ray findings indicate changes in a young adult.   But, while there is some debate about the disease itself it is known how the changes in the spine cause pain.

Generally the pain that is associated with degenerative disc disease and low back pain are thought to stem from two different factors.  These factors are the inflammation from the changes to the disc and abnormal micromotion instability. 

When inflammation occurs in the body there is release of chemicals that irritates the muscles which results in spasms around the area.  If one of the out rings of the disc is damaged or worn it isn’t as effective in resisting motion in the spine.  This micromotion instability isn’t associated with gross instability such as a slipped disc but still causes pain or discomfort in the area.

Both the micromotion instability and the inflammation cause muscle spasms in the lower back.  As the body attempts to stabilize the lower back the muscles spasm further creating more pain.  This cycle is a reflex of the body and although it isn’t necessary to protect the nerve roots, it can also be painful and result in an individual who appears crooked from one area of the back to the next as the muscle spasms pull the back out of alignment.

Treatment for this problem may include exercises which strengthen the muscles in the lower back such as those demonstrated in the video above. Regardless, you should consult a specialist for an assessment of your specific problem and the appropriate treatment options.

Published by Stenosis Advisor 

Lower Back Pain The Main Causes 

When most people think of lower back pain causes, they immediately think of injuries caused by lifting items improperly or sitting at a desk for an extended.  

Back Pain Disc Symptoms  and What You Can Do About Them 

But before we discuss the symptoms, we need to first have an understanding of how a bulging disc causes pain. The spinal discs are cushions that separate each set of bones in the spine. They are shock-absorbers, and they are each    

Lower Back Pain Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and Exercises

Lower back pain is pain felt and travels in the ribs particularly in the back or in the upper back through the upper part of legs. This pain starts suddenly and could be the follow up of strain or an injury.

Exercises and Yoga for Lower Back Pain Relief

Sadly, lower back pain is a part of many people’s lives. That’s why exercises and yoga stretches for lower back pain are becoming increasingly popular with every passing day. Yoga stretches, along with normal bodily exercise, .

Tips for Managing Your Lower Back Pain

Nearly 80% of people have back pain, including lower back pain, at some point or another during their life. Since this is a problem which affects nearly everyone, it is important to know what the causes of lower back pain are. 

How to Deal with Pain in Your Lower Back

Four out of five of people experience back pain, often lower back pain, at some point in their life. Since it could happen to you, you should be aware of what causes it and how to prevent it in order to eliminate back pain.  .

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    8 Responses to “Causes of Lower Back Pain”

    • Power Yoga insists upon the health and robustness of the practitioner and is a way to deliver the best possible health and state of mind. – Yoga for Beginners

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